Monday, July 20, 2020
The Benefits of Having Sex More Often Relationships Spouses & Partners Print The Benefits of Having Sex More Often Emotional, Physical, and Relationship Benefits of Frequent Sex By Sheri Stritof Sheri Stritof has written about marriage and relationships for 20 years. Shes the co-author of The Everything Great Marriage Book. Learn about our editorial policy Sheri Stritof Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Carly Snyder, MD on November 20, 2019 facebook twitter linkedin Carly Snyder, MD is a reproductive and perinatal psychiatrist who combines traditional psychiatry with integrative medicine-based treatments. Learn about our Medical Review Board Carly Snyder, MD on November 20, 2019 More in Relationships Spouses & Partners Marital Problems LGBTQ Violence and Abuse In This Article Table of Contents Expand Ideal Frequency Psychological Benefits Physical Benefits Relationship Benefits Challenges Tips View All Back To Top There are many reasons to have sex more often, at least when it comes to quality sex in a supportive relationship. More frequent sexual activity is linked to physical benefits, such as lower blood pressure, emotional perks, such as reduced stress, and relationship benefits, such as greater intimacy and a lower divorce rate.?? While there is not a magic number when it comes to the ideal frequency of sex, the results of a few studies can suggest a ballpark. Illustration by JR Bee, Verywell Ideal Frequency As far as the ideal frequency, a 2015 study found that general well-being is associated with sexual frequency, but only up to a certain point.?? Relationship satisfaction improved progressively from having no sex up to having sex once a week but did not improve further (and actually decreased somewhat) beyond this point. This goal number is fairly consistent with the current average, but should be of concern with our increasingly busy lives. Looking at the frequency of sex in the 2010s, adults are now having sex nine times per year less than in the late 1990s.?? What Is the Average? Average adult: 54 times/year (about 1/week)Adults in their 20s: Around 80 times/yearAdults in their 60s: 20 times/yearAverages based on a 2017 study published in the Archives of Sexual Behavior. Even though the frequency often decreases with age, sexual activity in older adults remains very important to many people. Those who are married people tend to have sex more often than those who are not.?? Psychological Benefits There are many emotional and psychological benefits from making love that is strongly linked with overall quality of life. Some of these include: Happiness According to a 2015 study conducted in China, more sex and better quality sex increases happiness (though unwanted sex lowers happiness).?? Stress Relief That many people deal with chronic stress is a given and has been cited as a reason why adults are having sex less often. This may be a double whammy, as sex may be considered a stress management technique. Our bodies secrete cortisol and adrenaline (epinephrine) as part of the stress response. These hormones (the fight-or-flight response), can lead to fatigue, high blood pressure, and much more. Sex can reduce the level of these hormones, with effects that can last well into the next day.?? Improved Mood There are a number of chemicals our bodies release during sex that can affect how we feel. During sex, our brains release endorphinsâ"feel good chemicals that can reduce irritability and feelings of depression. Another hormone, oxytocin (the hug drug), is released with nipple stimulation and other sexual activity.?? Similar to the effect it has on nursing mothers (oxytocin is responsible for the let down reflex in breastfeeding), oxytocin can create a sense of calmness and contentedness. Finally, orgasm leads to the release of yet another hormone, prolactin, that can aid in sleep.?? Improved Self-Image Sex can boost self-esteem and lower feelings of insecurity, leading to a more positive attitude. Physical Benefits Its fairly intuitive that sex would improve emotional health, but there are a number of physical benefits as well. Some of these include: Improved Physical Fitness Sex is a form of physical activity, and there are a number of studies linking exercise with better health. According to a statement from the American Heart Association, sexual activity is equivalent to moderate physical activities such as walking briskly or climbing two flights of stairs.?? The movements associated with sex can tighten and tone abdominal and pelvic muscles. For women, this improved muscle tone translates to better bladder control. The 200 calories burned in 30 minutes of sex,?? combined with the reduction in food cravings associated with the chemicals released during sex, are beneficial as well. Better Immune Function Being more sexually active also has positive effects on immune function.?? This translates to a lower likelihood of getting a cold or the flu. Reduced Pain The endorphins mentioned above do more than lead to a sense of well-being and calm, but appear to reduce pain (such as migraines and back pain) as well. Cardiac Effects Sexual activity (but not masturbation) has been linked with lower systolic blood pressure.?? Elevated blood pressure, in turn, is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and more. Its thought that sexual activity helps dilate blood vessels, increasing the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body while reducing blood pressure. Its important to note that having sex can also promote a heart attack in those at risk, but having sex more often may help reduce this concern. While sex can precipitate a heart attack, and anyone at risk should talk to their doctor before having sex, a 2011 study published in JAMA, found that this risk is diminished in people who have high levels of regular sexual activity. In other words, and similar to other forms of physical activity such as running, infrequent activity could put a strain on the blood flow to the arteries supplying the heart, but regular activity may be protective.?? Brain Effects In the past, studies in rats found that more frequent intercourse was correlated both with better cognitive function and the growth of new brain cells. Researchers are now learning that the same may be true in humans. A 2018 study looking at over 6,000 adults found that having sex more often was associated with better memory performance in adults ages 50 and older.?? Sexual Effects Being more sexually active actually boosts libido and increases vaginal lubrication in women. Making love is more often associated with lighter menstrual periods and less bothersome period cramps. For men, while it was once thought that sex caused an increase in prostate cancer, a 2016 study found that men who had more ejaculations (21 or more per month) were less likely to develop the disease than men who had fewer (seven ejaculations or less per month). Since prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men,?? this is worth noting. Other Physical Effects A number of other physical effects have been associated with more sexual activity, such as an improved sense of smell, healthier teeth, improved digestion, and that healthy-skin glow thats related to an increase in the release of DHEA by the body. Unsafe sex could tip the scale of benefits and risks in the opposite direction. Make sure you are familiar with safe sex practices. Relationship Benefits Having sex often can benefit you and your partner individually, but it can also help your relationship in a number of ways. Having regular sex in a monogamous relationship can increase your level of commitment and help you connect emotionally. Couples are more likely to stay together when they can express their love in this way, and the divorce rate is significantly higher for couples who dont. The relational benefits of sex are assisted by the chemicals our bodies make: The release of oxytocin, in addition to being calming, can contribute to bonding and greater emotional intimacy.?? Challenges We are wired from birth to crave the intimacy of sex, and lacking sex is one of the things that can lead people in a relationship to grow distant and, perhaps, look elsewhere. Its important to note, however, that an active sex life is sometimes difficult or impossible due to physical or psychological conditions. Couples can maintain a strong, healthy relationship despite this, and looking at non-sexual ways to improve intimacy is invaluable even for those who cant have sex on a regular basis. Working with a licensed couples therapist can help as well. Jumpstarting Your Sex Life The frequency of sex can, and often does, change over time, but that doesnt mean that its a progressive downhill slide. If youre wondering if sex can ever be as good as when you were first madly in love, the answer is yes. It can even be better when you add in what you didnt have before: a stable loving relationship thats grown mature and intimate. That said, it can take work. There are a number of ways to spice up your sex life, but looking at the non-sexual parts of your relationship is just as important. As many say, the biggest sex organ is between the ears. Increasing the frequency of sex without talking and connecting emotionally isnt likely to create lasting improvement. Stress management is also important. In her book, The Sex-Starved Marriage: Boosting Your Marriage Libido, a Couples Guide, therapist Michele Weiner-Davis suggests taking a just do it approach: At first, many were understandably cautious about my Nike-style approach to their sex life; the Just Do It advice ran counter to everything they had believed about how sexual desire unfolds...I could often see the relief on peoples faces when they learned that their lack of out-of-the-blue sexual urges didnt necessarily signify a problem. It didnt mean there was something wrong with them or that something was missing from their marriages. It just meant that they experienced desire differently. If you always wait for your level of desire to match that of your partner, you may be waiting a long time. Getting in the Mood for Sex A Word From Verywell There are obviously many benefits to having sex more often (or a minimum of once a week) in a loving and supportive relationship. That said, all is not lost in your relationship if you are unable to have sex this frequently or at all. Your love can grow just as strong. If you are able to have sex but not enough, ask yourself why. Sometimes seeing a sex therapist may be the best way to work through any issues you are having. Keep in mind that it could make a difference not just for your relationship, but for your own physical and emotional health as well. The 6 Best Online Marriage Counseling Programs
Thursday, May 21, 2020
A Christian apologetic method is a verbal defense of the biblical worldview. A proof is giving a reason for why we believe. This paper will address the philosophical question of GodÃ¢â¬â¢s existence from the moral argument. The presuppositional apologetic method of Reformed thinkers Cornelius Van Til and John Frame will be the framework. Topics covered here could undoubtedly be developed in more depth, but that would be getting ahead, here is the big picture. Apologetics comes from the Greek word, Ã¢â¬ËapologiaÃ¢â¬â¢ meaning verbal defense. The Greek word is used in the verse, Ã¢â¬Å"Always be prepared to give an answerÃ¢â¬ (1 Peter 3:15) and in the negative, Ã¢â¬Å"men are without excuseÃ¢â¬ (Romans 1:20). In Reformed terms, stated by Frame, it can beÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In our modern times, Van Til, a Reformed Dutch philosopher and theologian was a major advocate for presuppositional apologetics. He said, Ã¢â¬Å"To find out what man is and who God is, one can only go to Scripture. Faith in the self-attesting Christ of the Scriptures is the beginning, not the conclusion, of wisdom!Ã¢â¬ That means that Scripture is the source of authority, the basis for all beliefs and the deepest conviction of the heart. If our thoughts are subject to God and we have repented of independent thinking than we can present the biblical worldview rightly. The purpose of an apologetic encounter is to bring an unbeliever to repentan ce and belief. Frame continues to build upon Van Tillian presuppositionalism. Ã¢â¬Å"It might seem strange to look in Scripture for teachings about knowledge, reasoning, proof, evidence, logic, and so on, but God often surprises us by getting involved in areas of life we would prefer to keep to ourselves. Indeed, every part of life is his domain, and thus he rules all of life, directly or indirectly, by his Word (1 Cor. 10:31; Col. 3: 17; 2 Tim. 3:16-17).Ã¢â¬ In the following discussion, ScripturesÃ¢â¬â¢ preeminence must be kept in the forefront. A proof is giving a reason for why we believe. The philosophical question of the existence of God has many possible arguments including: personal vs. impersonal, moral values, epistemology (teleological and ethical), and metaphysics (teleological, cosmological, ontological). And
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
From the macro/micro perspective, the world of the electron, despite its extraordinarily minuscule size, is the foundation of society. Computers have not only brought us electronic shopping, email, and online banking, but now control our cars, how we board a plane, our MP3 players, and almost every other aspect of our lives. With any great advancement in civilization, there are always those souls who seek to capitalize on the misfortune of others by finding some way to exploit a weakness in the newest technology available; the computer industry is no exception. With the thousands of Gigabytes of data stored on our home computers, from tax information to social security numbers and banking information, it was only a matter of time beforeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Etymologically speaking, hacking began in the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s with MITÃ¢â¬â¢s Tech Model Railroad Club. Due to the exceptionally slow speeds of mainframe computers at that time, (personal computers were not invented yet), software programmers came up with Ã¢â¬ËhacksÃ¢â¬â¢ to improve the processing time of their programs. These hackers became the core of the MIT Artificial Intelligence Lab (AI Lab). Their talents pushed a program beyond its intended capabilities, at the same time expanding their personal programming talents and the professional reputation of the AI Lab. These individuals believed the educational bureaucracy at MIT should not come into direct conflict with being able to accomplish any productive task. The hackers picked door locks, climbed ducts, or came up through the floorboards all in an effort to have access to computers to test their software code. Ã¢â¬Å"Even now, there is a big wrench at the AI Lab titled, Ã¢â¬Å"the seventh-floor master keyÃ¢â¬ to be used in case anyone dares to lock up one of the more fancy terminalsÃ¢â¬ (Schell, Ã¢â¬Å"The Hacking of America: WhoÃ¢â¬â¢s Doing It, Why, and HowÃ¢â¬ 44). One of the ways in which hackers are ensuring the freedom t o information across the Internet is through the Open Source movement. Open Source means that whenever a software programmer writes a piece of code, they release it to the public as free information. The code is available, free of charge, incorporated into other software programs (applications and/or operatingShow MoreRelated Ethics of Computer Hacking Essay examples850 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHackers: Control and Property The ethical issues surrounding hacking, stem from several sources mainly dealing with order and control, and information ownership. 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Although hacking is a crime in itself under state penal law, itÃ¢â¬â¢s not outlined in the U.S. Penal Code. However, there are numerous acts I find associated with the actions of Anonymous thatÃ¢â¬â¢s punishable under the U.S. Code Title 18, such as: Ã § 241 Ã¢â¬â conspiracy againstRead MorePlanning For My Academic Success1260 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesgoal after small goal, the larger goals previously established will be met and a sense of accomplishment will be enjoyed. Throughout this course a primary focus has been familiarizing myself with individual learning styles. After completing the Ethical Lens Inventory I discovered my preferred style was the Results Lens. Specifically this means that to obtain desired results I tend to depend on experience and can sometimes be too eager to get a conclusion. (EthicsGame, LLC, 2014) This provided greatRead MoreE-Commerce and Cybercrime 1515 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesproblems? Give several examples. StudentsÃ¢â¬â¢ answers will vary. 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Globalization is the process which unites nations, societies and traditions through a worldwide system of communication, transportation and trade. Globalization is usually used as an easy way of spreading the technologies, production, and communication across the globe. It also involves the flow of thoughts and technologies. We will write a custom essay sample on Globalization Process or any similar topic only for you Order Now Due to globalization, regions are coming closer to each other. Globalization is not only modernization but it is the amplification of global social affairs which connect different locations in such a manner that local activities are bent by activities happening miles away (Steger, 2010). Thus, globalization has very strong economic, governmental, educational and social dimensions. According to Ã¢â¬ËMalcolm WatersÃ¢â¬â¢ in his book Ã¢â¬ËGlobalizationÃ¢â¬â¢, globalization is defined as, Ã¢â¬Å" the intensification of world- wide social relations which link distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa. This is dialectical process because such local happenings may move in an obverse direction from the very distanciated relations that shape them. Local transformation is as much a part of globalization as the lateral extension of social connections across time and spaceÃ¢â¬ (Waters, 2001, pg. 5). Globalisation is the way by which people, companies and government of different nations integrate and interact with each other. The process of globalisation has effects on the cultures, atmosphere, governmental systems, economic developments, wealth and on individualÃ¢â¬â¢s physical comfort in nations all around the globe. Globalisation is the process by which normal life around the globe is noticeable by calibration of communication, transportation, financial activity, Ecological and social interdependence. Globalisation has many positive effects opening up gaps of opportunities and economic prosperity to the developing countries but globalisation also has a harmful side with negative effects. In this assignment, I will discuss few positive and negative effects of globalisation. According to researchers and intellectuals, modern age led to the foundation of globalisation but most scholars say that globalisation is not new and its origin can be traced back to the early civilization. For centuries, people have been trading to each other at great distances. Third millennium B. C. was the ancient form of globalisation. At that t time the trade link was among Sumerian civilization and Indus valley civilization. After that era, there were many events where trade connections were made connecting several countries like, Greece, Egypt, Roman Empire, India, etc. The attractiveness of the trade links led to the expansion of different trade routes. In 19th century, industrial revolution took place which was a significant time in the record of globalisation (Boudreaux, 2008). This was the period when Muslim dealers and Jewish started going to different locations all around the globe to sell a variety of products which led to the combination of thoughts and customs. This revolution led to improved trade and business dealings. Due to enhanced goods and colonization, many nations all around the world became the customer of European market. However, the period of pre globalisation came to an end after World War 1. The effects of conflict were very adverse which led to the Great Depression. The time between 1850Ã¢â¬â¢s and 1940Ã¢â¬â¢s witnessed the acceleration of worldwide set of connections and cultural flows, dominated by European powers. By the mid of the nineteenth century quick developments in communication and transportation technologies like, radio, telephones, railways, shipping, telegraphy, etc took place. Globalisation has a comparatively new thought and idea that the world has been implementing. There are many positive effects of globalisation which are very advantageous for everybody in all countries. Globalisation has been the most successful affluence and anti-poverty movement in modern history. Following mentioned are some of the positive effects of globalisation on so various demographic segments of society. The most noticeable positive effect of globalisation is the improved and better quality of goods due to global competition. Ã¢â¬ËCustomer is the kingÃ¢â¬â¢ approach to production has led to the improved quality of goods and services. Because Domestic companies have to struggle out foreign competition, they are bound to lift their standards and customer satisfaction levels to survive in the market (Stiglitz, 2007). When an international brand comes in a new country, it comes in travelling on some goodwill and concern which it has to survive up to. This establishes competition and Ã¢â¬Ësurvival of the fittestÃ¢â¬â¢ situation in the market. Due to globalisation, various companies have entered into the developing countries and therefore generated employment for the citizens. This factor has given an opportunity to invest in the rising market and tap up the talent available there. Globalisation increases job opportunities as new firms start functioning in different countries; hence it increases living standards of people (Suarez Qin, 2004). Usually there is a lack of capital in developing countries which obstructs the growth of domestic companies and so employment. In such cases globalisation plays an important role in obtaining profitable employment opportunities. Globalisation greatly affects the global economy and the impact of foreign trade on economy is very immense. Comparative benefit has always been a factor even in the history. Trade has been institutionalised due to globalisation (Bhagwati, 2007). Globalisation has improved free trade among nations and has improved liquidity of capital permitting investors in established countries to invest in undeveloped countries. It brings foreign exchange to the countries due to the increase in foreign trade. Globalisation is very favourable for the 3rd world countries as it results in economic development. It also improves the global economy by increasing GDP. Trade between nationÃ¢â¬â¢s increases as it provides freedom to the global marketing exchange of goods and capitals. Established countries can invest in developing countries and positive competition increases hence, improving businesses. It has been asserted that globalisation increases the productivity and living standard of people. With the manifold positive effects, globalisation also has its negative side. Few of its negative effects are listed below. The most significant negative effect of globalisation is the disappearance of several cultures. The cultures of the countries that are economically powerful are more dominant than others. There is a great risk of spoiling of the cultural values of developing countries due to overseas investments and foreign citizens working from developing countries, changing the attitude, lifestyle and mind-set of the existing developing nations due to foreigners (Stilitz, 2003). Since international community is growing, more population have become unaware of social, moral and ethical values which are diverse in defining group. Hence, globalisation damages small cultures which are in danger of being destroyed. In order to save the cultures, small nations and developing countries should promote their cultural values and standards. Such nations should keep practicing their culture, so that young generation will be aware of all the customs and traditions. For instance, in developing country like Ã¢â¬ËIndiaÃ¢â¬â¢, many foreign companies and organizations operates and foreign trade is very immense, but the cultural values and tradition of people living there are still the same as Indians promote and practice their culture in every walk of life. Due to globalisation, more and more companies invest on developing nations, which economically is very beneficial for the countries but significantly affects environment by polluting it and escaping easily from weak developing countries regulatory rules and regulations. Many products and manufactured goods produced by various companies are not eco-friendly and thus, increase pollution. It also increase the risk of transporting diseases like Swine flu, Bird flu etc. unintentionally between countries as individuals from all around the world travel more often after globalisation. Many international powerful committees should be made in order to control and alert such companies and corporations who are responsible for polluting the environment and if they do not take action, then such corporations should be banned. This will help in decreasing the production of non eco-friendly products by creating awareness at the educational level and informing individuals with their negative effect. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s world, most of the corporations are aware of this negative effect and therefore, manufacture eco-friendly products which are healthy and recyclable. The last major negative effect of globalisation is the complexity of competition. Due to globalisation, international trade between the nations has started to remove limits. This condition of companies has resulted in steady competition with the national competitor, as well as the international competitors. Thus, businesses want more thorough and demanding competitive environment in order to continue stability and progress. Expansion of monopole corporations and channel between manufacture expenses are the chief effects of this tough competition in businesses (Eriksen, 2007). Developing and small nations choose to use overseas resources for their development, but instead, it disposes the equality and stability. Small corporations should focus on research and development. They should lower the manufacturing cost and should improve the quality of the manufacturing product, by using local goods hence, saving the cost of trade. Being a local company, they can understand the market better than the foreign companies. By doing this local companies in developing countries will be able to gain most of the market share and will be able to compete with the foreign companies. In the conclusion, it can be said that globalisation develops better relations among nations and helps in eliminating negative perceptions for the people. Global problems and issues can be solved by discussions. Foreign trade and tourism leads to social benefits which increases migration between the countries and provide chances to live and earn abroad. This results in the decline of cultural barriers and helps in improving the relationships among nations. But with all the positive effects it also has its share of disadvantages and is sometimes unfavourable for the countries that are undeveloped and weak. How to cite Globalization Process, Essays
Sunday, April 26, 2020
The Effect of Other Countries Dumping in United States Why America is acting against Chinese Dumping in the US
Table of Contents Introduction The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"dumpingÃ¢â¬ Why is China dumping in the US? The impact of Dumping in America Concept of ant-dumping policy Effect of anti-dumping policy Works Cited Introduction Over the last two decades, most countries, including the United States, have become more cautions of the excessive supply of cheap products from foreign markets. In particular, the United States has enacted anti-dumping campaigns and measures to control the influx of cheap goods from, among other nations, China. Since China accessed the world trade organization in 2011, its reach for western markets has grown tremendously.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Effect of Other CountriesÃ¢â¬â¢ Dumping in United States: Why America is acting against Chinese Dumping in the US specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, America and her western counterparts have been reluctant to engage China in mutual trade, considering the excessiveness of cheap products China has been supplying to foreign nations (Messerlin 109). The US considers this excessiveness of cheap good from China as Ã¢â¬Å"dumpingÃ¢â¬ , thus employing various strategies to protect her industries against the overflow of cheap Chinese goods in the local market. This is also becoming the situation affecting India as it grows to be the second largest producer of cheap products after China. The purpose of this discussion is to analyse the impact of Ã¢â¬Å"dumpingÃ¢â¬ in American market by foreign nations, with a special reference to China. Arguably, despite the accession of China to the WTO and the fact that China hosts a large number of American manufacturerÃ¢â¬â¢s, there is need for the United States to continue protecting her market and industries from dumping. The concept of Ã¢â¬Å"dumpingÃ¢â¬ According to Vandenbussche and Zanardi (93), dumping is defined as an international trade situation where a productÃ¢ â¬â¢s export price is significantly lower that its market price in the country of origin. However, it is worth noting that the sale of a product based on bargain price is not included in the definition for dumping. Why is China dumping in the US? It is no doubt that America is a major market for products from all over the world. In fact, most nations seek to develop trade relationships and agreements with the United States in order to access AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s potential and developed market. However, America is also a major producer and exporter of commodities in the world, and targets foreign markets for its goods. In the recent past, however, the emergence of large economies like China and India has threatened AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s presence in the world market. ChinaÃ¢â¬â¢s accession to the WTO in 2001 improved the trade relationship between China and America, which has seen the Chinese manufactures target America as a chief market for their goods (Blonigen and Bown 43).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More On the other hand, American corporations have set up major outlets in China, especially in the manufacturing sector. However, there have been problems in this relationship, which seems to affect America more than they affect China. First, China has the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest population at more than 1 billion people. The presence of cheap labour is evident in China. Chinese workers are paid a fraction of what most low-paid employees get in the western world. As such, Chinese manufacturers enjoy cheap and readily available labour. This places them at an advantage over the American firms, which in turn allows them to sell their products at a cheaper price in the US. In fact, American corporations such as Apple have moved to China in search of cheap labour, but their main market remains in the US. The impact of Dumping in America The impact of this is that Am erican market is flooded with cheap Chinese goods because they are cheaply produced in China. American firms face stiff competition from these products because they cannot produce cheap products due to high cost of production. When American firms lose the local market to their Chinese counterparts, their production and growth reduces. As such, their rate of hiring reduces, while layoff rates are likely to increase. As more people purchase cheap Chinese goods, the rate of unemployment is likely to reduce in the US, while that of China increases. Finally, Chinese goods are not necessarily made to meet American standards. Dumping sub-standard products in American market for the sake of cheap price is likely to affect the American economy because consumers will be spending large amount of resources to replace these products. Concept of ant-dumping policy In 1994, members of the world trade organization made an agreement on implementation of its Article VI, which imposes the responsibili ty of nations to curb dumping in their markets (Van den Bossche 56). The agreement, known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Anti-dumping AgreementÃ¢â¬ , was developed under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in the 1994 convention.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Effect of Other CountriesÃ¢â¬â¢ Dumping in United States: Why America is acting against Chinese Dumping in the US specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More It allows member nations to impose anti-dumping measures to protect the domestic industries that can result from excessive presence of cheap foreign products in their markets (Van den Bossche 63). However, this must be pursuant to (and through) investigations under the 1994 agreement. In addition, a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s imposition of a duty to curb dumping in its local market must be determined by the margin of dumping at a given time. This margin is obtained by finding the difference between the domestic selling pri ce in the exporting country and the export price of a given quantity of commodity. The dumped price can be considered a Ã¢â¬Å"fair priceÃ¢â¬ and thus not significant reason to impose a duty when export price is added to dumping margin. In case it is difficult to determine a comparable price for offering the product in the domestic market due to low or lack of volume sales in the normal process of trade, the country must investigate the possibility of dumping by comparing the import price with the same price in a third nation. Alternatively, the WTO agreement requires the country to develop a Ã¢â¬Å"constructed valueÃ¢â¬ , which should be used in comparison with the export price. There is a great deal of freedom for countries to impose anti-dumping measures against their trading partners. For instance, a government is not required to provide consent or even offsets to an initiative taken as a countermeasure by its trading partner. Effect of anti-dumping policy Anti-dumping poli cies, such as the one initiated by the US against China, have a wide range of effects on both local and foreign economies. With implementation of such policies, products are likely to become less attractive to an importer, which favours local products. Local firms are likely o enjoy reduced competition. In addition, local firms enjoy tremendous growth and expansion, which provides a source of employment for the local population (Nelson and Vandenbussche 127).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More However, anti-dumping policies have some negative impacts. For instance, local firms need to import some goods and raw materials that are not available in the local market. When a foreign nation such as China has been targeted with an anti-dumping policy, it is likely to reciprocate by increasing the price of exporting such materials to the trade partner. As such, local firms are likely to face tough terms and conditions as well as high prices when importing products from the targeted country. Moreover, such a policy is likely to discourage competition in the market, which in turn hinders development. In addition, it is likely to favour local firms such that they increase product prices deliberately since there is no competition. Works Cited Blonigen, Bruce and Chad Bown. Ã¢â¬Å"Antidumping and Retaliation ThreatsÃ¢â¬ . Journal ofÃ International Economics 60 (2009): 249Ã¢â¬â273. Print Messerlin, Patrick. Ã¢â¬Å"China in the World Trade Organization: Antidumping and Safeguards Ã¢â¬ . World Bank Economic Review 18.2 (2008): 105Ã¢â¬â130. Print Nelson, Douglas and Hylke Vandenbussche. The WTO and anti-dumping. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2009. Print Van den Bossche, Peter. The Law and Policy of the World Trade Organization. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010. Print. Vandenbussche, Hylke and Maurizio Zanardi. Ã¢â¬Å"What Explains the Proliferation of Antidumping Laws?Ã¢â¬ Economic Policy 23 (2008): 93Ã¢â¬â138. Print This essay on The Effect of Other CountriesÃ¢â¬â¢ Dumping in United States: Why America is acting against Chinese Dumping in the US was written and submitted by user Aria N. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Daoism And Mayan Religion Are Both Ancient Religions Religion Essay Example Daoism And Mayan Religion Are Both Ancient Religions Religion Essay Daoism And Mayan Religion Are Both Ancient Religions Religion Essay Taoism can be separated into a doctrine and a faith. As a doctrine Daoism has no supernatural elements whilst as a faith it does, these supernatural elements chiefly refer to the elevated position of seniors to divinities and the being of Heavens and Hells.[ 1 ]Taoism has neer existed as a incorporate faith, in the same manner Christianity has legion subdivisions, hence there are distinguishable differences between subdivisions. There are still core beliefs that the bulk of the subdivisions portion.[ 2 ]The one belief shared between all subdivisions is of Dao. Dao is the manner or way of life. Daoists believe that Dao is the beginning of all things, heaven, Earth and creative activity. Equally good as a belief in Dao, Daoists believe in Gods and Immortals. The Gods of Daoism are the Celestial Worthy of Primordial Beginning, the Celestial Worthy of Numinous Treasure and the Celestial Worthy of the Way and Its Virtue, The Jade Emperor and the Great Emperor of Zhenwu.[ 3 ]Immortals are worlds who have become divinities due to their cultivation of Dao. Daoists besides believe in the being of 36 Celestial spheres and 36 Hells with there being a highest Eden and a lowest Hell. Upon decease Daoists believe they are judged by the Ten Kings of the Netherworld who decide which Heaven and Hell they belong to. The lowest of the Heavens and the highest of the Hells consequence in reincarnation whilst the higher Heaven consequences in the freedom of the hurting of life and decease and the lowest Hell consequences in penalty. The different divinities and immortals have duties based on the manner they cultivated Dao, popular divinities are in charge of: air current, rain, boom, H2 O, fire, wealth and the land. The end of a Daoist is to go close to the Dao through take parting in De, the active life and cultivation of Dao.[ 4 ]Wu Wei is another cardinal construct of Daoism and is found in subdivisions. Wu Wei is translated to without action . Wu Wei is similar to De in the manner it brings Daoists in alliance with Dao. Wu Wei is the belief in practising efficiency and working in conformity with the natural harmoniousness of the existence. Pu is the end of following Wu Wei. Pu is a province of absolute receptivity. It is the province of head in which there are no prepossessions or semblances, the head is unburdened of anterior cognition and experiences. De, Wu Wei and Pu are all of import in a Daoist being entered into a higher Heaven after decease and go an Immortal themselves. The moralss of Daoism are besides based around length of service and geting immortality. Daoists believe that in order to populate a long and healthy life one must follow societal moralss, making good workss and avoiding making incorrect. Daoists believe that if they commit evil they shall hold a decreased life span and decease an early decease.[ 5 ]Similar to other faiths Daoism has basic moral regulations against killing, stealing, lying, and sexual misconduct. Daoists believe in concentrating on being a better individual instead than making good workss, through being a better individual they will assist more people and non step in with the natural order of life. By bettering oneself and others Daoists pattern their beliefs outside their physical being and are more likely to come in a higher Heaven. Those who commit Acts of the Apostless of immorality and travel against Dao are sent to one of the Hells. The Doazang or Daoist canon contains over 800 texts. The Ming Daozang includes about 1500 texts.[ 6 ]The texts of Daoism do non incorporate Hagiographas about the supernatural elements and divinities of the faith as Daoism originally started as a doctrine and non a faith. These texts, nevertheless, are considered sacred by Daoists. Mount Penglai is believed to be the meeting topographic point for the Eight Immortals and is a Daoist sacred site. This fabulous mountain is a Eden where castles are made of gold and there are neer stoping sums of nutrient and fruits which can allow ageless life. Qin Shi Huang attempted to happen Mount Penglai in hunt of the elixir of life.[ 7 ]Each subdivision of Daoism has its ain grotto-heaven which is normally a cave or other belowground infinite. These sacred sites were found all over China with 10 Large Daoist Caves and 36 Small Daoist Caves and 72 Promised Lands.[ 8 ]These sacred sites are used as residences of the immortals. Daoist temples are another signifier of sacred site for Daoists. Daoist temples were used for rites, worship every bit good as resting topographic points.[ 9 ] The sacred symbols of Daoism include the Taijitu ( Yin and Yang ) , the Ba gua ( Eight Trigrams ) , the Pinyin ( Big Dipper, a configuration )[ 10 ]and triangular flags[ 11 ]which may be hung at Daoist temples, by and large with Daoist Hagiographas on them. [ Seen above, from left to compensate ; Taijitu, Ba gua and Pinyin. ] The Taijitu is frequently seen on Daoist flags, temples and sacred vesture. These symbols are brooding more so of the doctrine of Daoism instead than the faith. The constructs shown in these symbols though are relevant in the Daoist strive for immortality. Taoism lacks official sacred times due to the assorted subdivisions of Daoism. Specific rites may take topographic point on certain day of the months for a subdivision of Daoism, for illustration the Qingming Festival which by and large takes topographic point around April 5th. On these peculiar vacations there are street parades which involve music and pyrotechnics. On other day of the months forfeits may take topographic point every bit good as fasting. Forfeits and fasting takes topographic point as offerings to the different divinities of Daoism. Mayans believed that All things, whether animate or inanimate, were imbued with an unobserved power [ 12 ]In some instances this unobserved power was in the signifier of a divinity which would act in a humanlike province. Mayan beliefs relied to a great extent upon the motions of the Sun, Moon, planets and stars which were besides considered divinities. The motion of these divinities dictated when black events took topographic point. Mayans believed that there were over 150 Gods who were responsible for different parts of life such as Chac, the God of rain, and Yum Cimil, a decease divinity. The most of import God was the Godhead God, Itzamna . Thirteen divinities existed in the Upper World and nine in the Lower World. Mayans believed that the existence was created by the interactions of the different Gods. Mayan faith explained that natural forces were beyond human comprehension and organised the existence to its natural order. After decease people were sent to Xibalba, an belowgro und metropolis which was ruled by devils who set traps for the dead for their amusement. Heaven was reserved for those who died in conflict or were sacrificed. Popol Vuh, the Dresden Codex and the Paris Codex are Mayan texts which still survive today and are how we know of Mayan myths and beliefs. Mayans would non hold had entree to these texts but the narratives and beliefs in them would hold been taught and passed down orally. These texts explain the creative activity of the existence, world, planets, stars and natural happenings such as rain and fire and Teach ethical motives. Narratives involve the interaction between different Gods and their effects on the existence. These texts and narratives nevertheless, were non considered to be sacred, but as of import records of spiritual rites and cognition.[ 13 ] The ethical system of Mayan faith is largely unknown. The thought of covenants [ 14 ]between divinities and human existences existed in Mayan faith. In order for society to work decently and for people to take happy lives they would carry through these compacts and rites. Sacrifice and metempsychosis was a common subject in Mayan mythology and was celebrated in Mayan rites of human forfeit. Mayan ceremonials included the playing of a athletics in which squads competed to go through a ball through rock basketballs utilizing merely their hips and cubituss. This athletics was considered to be sacred and was diversion of the Gods flight from Xibalba. Teams who lost at this athletics were used as human forfeits for the Gods.[ 15 ]Other spiritual rites included dramatic public presentations, dancing and supplication. Mayans believed in blood forfeit to maintain the existence in balance and the tree of life .[ 16 ]Blood forfeits were by and large non-fatal and would affect piercing an organ. Blood forfeits were made in order to have divine favor from the Gods. On juncture human sacrifices did take topographic point and were large events. Blood and human forfeits were critical to Mayan beliefs as they propitiated the Gods and if they did non take topograph ic point would do upset and pandemonium. The snake was an of import spiritual symbol for the Mayans. The serpent represents metempsychosis and reclamation which is a subject explored within their mythology. One of the chief divinities, Quetzalcoatl, is represented as a feathery snake. Caves and hosts in the Earth taking to the resistance were considered unsafe and sacred sites. It was believed that Xibalba was accessible through these holes into the Earth. Temples were built on top of looming pyramids which were believed to be the closest point to the celestial spheres. Mayans were fascinated by the construct of clip and star divination due to this Mayan faith has a really complex and advanced system of clip. The motions of the star and planet divinities were critical to Mayan ceremonials and rites. Time was divided into different rhythms which assisted in cognizing the right clip to make things, such as reaping harvests and get downing wars. Taoism and Mayan faith are both characterised by mythology of polytheism but to changing grades. Supernatural powers and divinities have rather similar functions in each faith. Daoism is a much more subjective faith than Mayan faith due to its original creative activity as a doctrine. Both faiths nevertheless have fabulous creative activity narratives, rites that are performed for supernatural intents, have animistic beliefs of liquors in all objects, the belief in celestial spheres and snake pits. Deities exist in both faiths for about all activities, more so in Mayan faith than Daoism. The difference in civilizations consequences in different rites and types of sacred times/locations/symbols with Daoism being more humanist/conservative and Mayan faith being more sacrificial. The lives of both Daoists and Mayans and their beliefs are based around the function of supernatural powers and divinities which are built-in to their day-to-day lives and belief systems.
Monday, March 2, 2020
Osmosis Definition in Chemistry and Biology Two important mass transport processes in chemistry and biology are diffusion and osmosis. Osmosis Definition Osmosis is the process where solvent molecules move through a semipermeable membrane from a dilute solution into a more concentrated solution (which becomes more dilute). In most cases, the solvent is water. However, the solvent may be another liquid or even a gas. Osmosis can be made to do work. History The phenomenon of osmosis was first documents in 1748 by Jean-Antoine Nollet. The term osmosis was coined by French physicianÃ RenÃ © Joachim Henri Dutrochet, who derived it from the terms endosmose and exosmose. How Osmosis Works Osmosis acts to equalize concentration on both sides of a membrane. Since the solute particles are incapable of crossing the membrane, its the water (or other solvent) that needs to move. The closer the system gets to equilibrium, the more stable it becomes, so osmosis is thermodynamically favorable. Example of Osmosis A good example of osmosis is seen when red blood cells are placed into fresh water. The cell membrane of the red blood cells is a semipermeable membrane. The concentration of ions and other solute molecules is higher inside the cell than outside it, so water moves into the cell via osmosis. This causes the cells to swell. Since the concentration cannot reach equilibrium, the amount of water that can move into the cell is moderated by the pressure of the cell membrane acting on the contents of the cell. Often, the cell takes in more water than the membrane can sustain, causing the cell to burst. A related term is osmotic pressure. Osmotic pressure is the external pressure that would need to be applied such that there would be no net movement of solvent across a membrane.